Category Archives: Weight Loss

Dietary guidelines for Indian’s by National Institute of Nutrition

Few weeks back I got a chance to download and start reading dietary guidelines for Indian’s  provided by NIN , click here to download (P.S : its about 126 pages document) some of the recommendations were blindly followed from AHA from USA.  Given below were my review and they should have better done the research and written the final draft.

for example on page 14 for fats

Adults need to be cautioned to restrict
intake of saturated fat (butter, ghee and hydrogenated fats) and cholesterol (red meat, eggs,
organ meat). Excess of these substances could lead to obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular
disease and cancer
.

on page 17

Adults should choose low-fat, protein-rich foods such as lean meat, fish,
pulses and low-fat milk.

on page 45

Diets that provide excess of calories, fats and cholesterol elevate blood lipids
(cholesterol and triglycerides) and promote blood clotting.
Excessive fat in the diet increases the risk of obesity, heart disease, stroke and
cancer.

on page 48

Saturated fatty acids are known to increase serum total and LDL cholesterol
levels, reduce insulin sensitivity and enhance thrombogenicity and increase CVD
risk.

 

cholesterol intake should be maintained below 200 mg/day. One
can reduce both saturated fat and cholesterol intake by limiting the consumption of
high-fat animal foods like butter, ghee, meat, egg and organ meats and consuming
low fat (skimmed) milk instead of whole milk. However, consumption of eggs (3
eggs/ week) is recommended in view of several nutritional advantages

on page 61

High intake of salt (sodium chloride) is associated with high blood pressure
and stomach cancer.

on page 62

There is a strong association between salt intake and blood pressure.
Prevalence of hypertension is low in populations consuming less than 3 g salt per
day. The usual increase in blood pressure with age is also not seen with such
intakes. The amount of salt consumed is reflected in urinary sodium. Drastic
restriction of dietary salt decreases the risk of hypertension. However, this effect is
not uniform as only 20-30% of population are salt sensitive

Most of the above points from the draft has not been proven and in some places they were contradict their statement itself for example above they were asking people to reduce intake of salt but not sure that taking more salt directly co-relates to  get blood pressure. In my honest opinion they should have done better job by spending more time on research and validate their assumptions and write the guidelines and publish to public

Book review – Freedom from diabetes manual & recipe handbook by Dr.Pramod Tripathi

I have recently bought the ebook released by Dr.Pramod tripathi on manual & recipe handbook of freedom from diabetes , given below were some of the notes from the book.

· Dr Neal Barnard for bringing to the forefront the role of fat in insulin resistance and publishing his research papers that reversal is possible

· Type 2 diabetes happens because

o Excess fat interfering with the action of two major hormones – Insulin & leptin

§ Major cause of diabetes is not sugar but FAT

§ Excess fat inside muscle cells causing insulin resistance

§ Leptin hormone produced by fat cells

· Responsible for communicating with brain to give a signal to stop eating food

· Making the fat move from storage

· Tell the brain to start burning fat whenever there is more fat cells there is more leptin and consequently the body becomes leptin resistance

o Acidic and inflamed system interfering with repair mechanisms

o Lack of micro nutrients interfering with energy production and repair

· More fat = more insulin resistance = more work for pancreas and exhaustion of pancreas = blood sugar raise = Diabetes

· Diabetes is primarily not a disease of carbohydrate metabolism but fat metabolism

· Our blood and most body bards are alkaline and continuously being in a sea of acid doesn’t help the system to recover so shit to diet which will be more on alkaline i.e. low on fat , acid and high on micronutrients

· Our body is largely alkaline so when you through the diet [tea is acidic, milk is acidic, all animal products are acidic] supply a regular dose of acid there is subtle inflammation continuously present and this advances the diabetic disease

· The inner lining of stomach is totally new every 3-4 days, the top layer of tongue is totally new in 7-10 days, red blood cells are totally new in 120 days , liver is totally new in 5-6 months, 90% bone is new in 1 year and 100% in 3 years

· First kill the fat entering your system

o Stop taking milk, curd, ghee, oil, egg, poultry, and meat.

o Food items that are high in acid and ruthlessly cut them off

§ Cheese, red meat, poultry , fish, eggs

§ Milk and dairy products

§ Tea , coffee

§ Wine, alcohol

§ Vinegar, salt

§ wheat

o Once you stop milk blood sugar start falling within 2-3 days and we have to reduce the medications / insulin immediately

§ Milk is 49% fat so it adds to the fat load increasing the intramyocellular lipid [inside muscle cell fat] thus increasing insulin resistance

§ Milk contains IGF [insulin like growth factor] which blocks the insulin receptors and consequent rise in sugar levels

§ Homogenization of milk reduces the size of fat globules and its gets more readily absorbed in the intestines

§ If you are serious on reversal quit milk immediately and completely

· People wake to a hot cup of tea or coffee , it is acidic , kills natural enzymes doesn’t supply the minerals and vitamins the body would love to have first thing in the morning and shoots up your stress hormones which work against insulin we start diabetics on a special juice / smoothie first thing in the morning and they start reversing .. its alkaline gives wonderful vitamins, minerals, enzymes.

· A low in Glycemic index , low glycemic load and low insulin index diet ensures optimal sugar levels and space for healing pancreas , liver, kidneys , mobilization of fat and reduction of fat from muscle cells

· A diabetic who gets convinced of our approach and follows it diligently actually gets free of all medicines / insulin within 4-8 weeks

· Chlorophyll is your greatest friend in reversal since chlorophyll and hemoglobin have same molecular structure expect that magnesium is at the Centre of chlorophyll and iron is the at the Centre of hemoglobin

· Fruits are never to be had with cooked food or after meal

My Feedback:

1. Excess carbohydrate will be converted into Fat and stored inside our cells so eating FAT doesn’t get stored as FAT. So fundamentally wrong hypothesis which will lead into one wrong assumptions to another etc

2. More fat = more insulin resistance = more work for pancreas and exhaustion of pancreas = blood sugar raise = Diabetes it should be More carbs=more IR=Beta cell destruction=BS raise = diabetes

3. To simply promote vegan don’t throw unproven and wrong things on FAT, Milk etc but in recipes you were telling people to use VCO or VOO even coconut gratings so its contradicting what has been written and what has been actually asking people to take so lot of flaws , unproven assumptions not sure how do we take this book ?

Insulin resistance causes type 2 diabetes

As per my previous post here I am writing follow up post on how people will become diabetes.

Insulin resistance was the most important factor people will become diabetes, lets dig deeper how and why treatment of diabetes might be wrong. lets run through simple case for example if get hurt in leg and you will get swelling around that area and you also get little fever so to treat this case what will be treatment option i.e. you will take pills for hurt or reduce swelling or fever the correct treatment will be to understand the root cause and treatment. so have to take treatment for hurt not for fever !!! 

bottom line was that treatment for real cause not for symptom

since the body auto immune system fight against all hurts we get into via various means.

how this will resonate into treatment of diabetes ?

real culprit for diabetes was Insulin resistance nothing else, so lets find out more on this.

Insulin is peptide hormone produced by beta cells in pancreas, its regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats by promoting the absorption of glucose from the blood to muscles and fat tissues, this also causing fat to be stored rather than used for energy.

Insulin resistant [IR] is a condition in which cells fail to respond to the normal actions of the hormone insulin 

insulin-resistance

    • exposure to excess nutrients causes cells to produce excess reactive oxygen species which in turn shutdown insulin signaling
    • Mitochondria were overloaded with energy i.e. excess nutrients , particularly free fatty acids causes IR
    • suppressing free fatty acids levels restores insulin sensitivity in obese & T2DM
    • if cell takes up more energy than it burns energy accumulates typically in the form of fatty acid metabolites in cytoplasm this causes IR

Hormonal-Obesity-theory-step-2

The bottom line is this – high levels of insulin cause insulin resistance.

 

how do we get excess nutrients to tissues ?

Consuming energy in excess of what the body can constructively use

Fat tissue main work was to accumulate circulating energy excess to keep away from damaging other tissues , once it started accumulating  over the period of time it begins to do its job less efficiently

Increase in energy in cause IR in parallel with fat gain so to speak the weight gain  that’s the very reason for type 2 diabetic patients hard for them to loose weight .

so from the above to treat the diabetic patient should target how to reduce  insulin only not to reduce the blood sugar , people who practice long term calorie restriction for life extension have very low fasting insulin & glucose  suggesting high insulin sensitivity